For centuries, the nomadic Kyrgyz people travelled freely across Central and South Asia, fording rivers and cutting across snow-capped mountains. Today a handful of them are stuck on the "roof of the world".
Under the plan, a truce and trust-building process could lead to the Taliban transitioning to a political party and competing in elections.
Afghan security forces are taking advantage of the militants' weaknesses as fighting between the Taliban and ISIS continue, military and provincial officials say.
The Afghan government says "all doors for peace talks are open", urging an Afghan-led regional peace process.
Despite claiming that their cause is justified in Islam, militants are seeking only to make money through illicit means such as drug trafficking.
A group of Taliban militants funded and trained by Iran were ordered to attack the ceremony attended by the top officials of four regional countries. The militants surrendered instead.
Officials from the participating nations -- Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India -- have lauded the progress as a new step in co-operation.
Thirteen former militants recently left the battlefields and joined the peace process, calling on others to follow suit.
As the conflict in Syria winds down, there are concerns that Iran will use the Fatemiyoun Division to realise its political ambitions in Afghanistan and beyond.
News websites such as the Russian outlet Sputnik lack journalistic integrity, routinely publishing inaccurate news and exaggerations, according to observers.
So far, Afghan forces and the international coalition have destroyed more than 39 Taliban drug labs, financially crippling the group, local officials say.
Coalition and Afghan air strikes in Afghanistan have gained intensity, and militant groups are 'feeling it'.
Uzbekistan is demonstrating its readiness to support the Afghan government's effort to build a peaceful future, officials and specialists say.
Civilian casualties from suicide and bombings increased last year as the Taliban and ISIS targeted non-combatants, according to UNAMA.
The two countries want to help create a strategic transit corridor for Taliban militants through Farah Province to reach other provinces of Afghanistan, local officials say.
The two-day meeting in Kabul of military officials from 12 countries -- including Afghanistan, Pakistan and the United States -- concluded with pledges to fight terrorism and narcotics together.
Terrorist attacks against journalists are war crimes and crimes against humanity that fall under the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court, according to Afghan media rights advocate NAI.
'We joined the peace process to save our children and our people from misery,' one former Taliban militant said.
'The path to regional peace and stability passes through Afghanistan,' said Pakistani Chief Of Army Staff General Qamar Javed Bajwa.
Over the past nine months, the force has killed 6,101 terrorists and wounded 3,285 others, according to the commander of the unit.
A suicide bomber detonated an ambulance packed with explosives on January 27 in Kabul, killing 103 and wounding 235. The impact of the blast will be felt for generations.
In a recent interview, Mohammad Masoom Stanekzai, the head of Afghanistan's National Directorate of Security, said evidence proves Moscow and Tehran are helping the Taliban.
Residents in Dur Baba District, Nangarhar Province, declared unity against the enemies of Afghanistan and asked the provincial government to invest in infrastructure projects.
US and Afghan forces are unleashing air and ground campaigns against insurgent revenue sources, training facilities and support networks.
Upon realising the oppression and brutality of their actions, an ISIS commander and 12 other militants surrendered their weapons and pledged to join the peace process.
For example, 67 of the 249 members of the Wolesi Jirga are women, and currently 3,400 women are serving in the armed forces, a number that is expected to grow to 10,000 in next ten years.
"People will not forget," said the president.
Expressing regret for their previous activities, 56 former Taliban militants surrendered their weapons and promised to fight alongside Afghan government forces.
Clashes between ISIS and Taliban groups have resulted in dozens of militants killed and injured, officials say, warning that a 'much fiercer' battle could take place in the near future.