The two countries are providing support to militants in hopes that the Taliban will topple the government.
The furor comes as Russia whitewashes a conflict it once openly called a blunder.
Thirty years after the end of the USSR's bloody occupation of Afghanistan, some of President Vladimir Putin's cronies are attempting to rewrite that story, analysts say.
Experts have expressed concern over a recent report that reveals Iran's attempts to extend its influence via media outlets.
An investigation into a prevailing conspiracy theory reveals certain actors actively promote the distortion of facts for their own gain.