Poppy farmers in Nangarhar are switching to the legal, money-making flowers to supply perfumes and essential oil to local and foreign customers.
Iran's supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said the country's economic problems were the result of internal mismanagement by the government.
Iran is trying to violate global trade practices by illegally exporting its saffron via Afghanistan and consequently is undermining Afghan farmers and the reputation of Afghan goods.
The disruption by Iran of energy supplies to Herat has led to millions of dollars in damage, layoffs and deterioration of living conditions.
The electricity outage has caused massive financial losses, spoiled raw materials and put hundreds of Afghans out of work, local officials and factory owners say.
The Afghan economy is losing millions of dollars through smuggling or transferring of hard currency to Iran from Herat Province, officials and economists warn.
The US has offered political support and planning consultations on extending the Hairatan-to-Mazar-e-Sharif railway, an Uzbek project that observers say could improve stability in Afghanistan.
Farmers find that roses provide more income than opium poppies do and -- equally as important -- do not fund the Taliban.
Business leaders on both sides of the border are looking forward to the opportunities that the re-opening of the checkpoint will bring.
The Ministry of Agriculture and aid groups are financing the new keshmesh khanas to boost productivity and farmers' earnings.
This solar year's olive harvest is set to reach 1,600 tonnes, according to officials who credit an infusion of support and funding from the Afghan government.
Women's economic empowerment and independence are growing with the support of a number of government efforts.