Iran missile test tops long list of provocations

By Waleed Abu al-Khair in Cairo


A long-range Qadr ballistic missile is launched in the Alborz mountain range in northern Iran on March 9, 2016. Iran said its armed forces had fired two more ballistic missiles as it continued tests in defiance of international warnings. [Mahmood Hosseini/TASNIM NEWS/AFP]

Iran's recent ballistic missile test is a provocative action that serves as the latest example of the regime's flagrant disregard for UN and international treaties and agreements, experts told Al-Mashareq.

Iran has been engaged in "numerous, continuous provocations against the whole world for years now", said Fathi al-Sayyed, a researcher with the Middle East Centre for Regional and Strategic Studies who specialises in Iranian affairs.

These peaked with Iran's January 29th ballistic missile test, "which was a challenge and provocation to the international community", he told Al-Mashareq.

This adds to the list of provocations, made through Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), that include the founding of armed bases loyal to Iran in sovereign countries including Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Yemen, he said.


Members and supporters of Lebanon's Hizbullah carry the coffin of Jalal al-Effeh, killed in combat in Syria alongside regime forces, during an October 2016 funeral procession in a southern suburb of Beirut. Iran has extended its influence in Syria by arming and equipping groups such as Hizbullah in violation of international agreements. [Anwar Amro/AFP]

These actions have together contributed to "a state of instability leading to devastating wars, in addition to the presence of a constant threat as result of stirring up sectarian strife", he added.

The Iranian regime has managed to fan the flames of sectarian strife for its own geopolitical ends "by presenting itself as a guardian of the Shia sect", al-Sayyed said, adding that "Iran has turned the issue of its expansion into a religious issue".

The actions of the Iranian regime are clearly "hostile and combative, threatening not only the security of a particular country or area but that of the world as a whole", he added.

In response to the recent missile test, the US Treasury announced it was imposing new sanctions on 13 Iranian individuals and 12 companies believed to be linked to the missile programme and to supporting terrorist activity.

'Multiple, serious violations'

Iran has been involved in multiple, serious violations of international laws and agreements in the economic, political, financial and military spheres, said Assiut University professor Khaireddine Abdul Mutaal, an international law expert.

This behaviour "can only be described as blatant rejection of the legitimacy of the international community and the UN", he told Al-Mashareq.

The new sanctions are focused on activities related to ballistic weapons, support of terrorist groups, and movement of Iranian leaders who have already been subjected to international sanctions and bans, he added.

Iran has continuously violated UN resolution 1747 of March 24th, 2007 by arming and equipping its proxies, including the Houthis (Ansarallah), Hizbullah and various Iraqi militias fighting in Syria.

The resolution clearly stipulates that "Iran shall not supply, sell or transfer directly or indirectly from its territory or by its nationals or using its flag vessels of aircraft any arms or related material", Abdul Mutaal said.

Likewise, the public appearance of IRGC Quds Force Commander Qasem Soleimani in Syria in support of the Syrian regime is a direct violation of international sanctions, Abdul Mutaal said.

Widely circulated pictures and video clips show Soleimani walking about in Aleppo in December, he added.

Extended regional interference

Per UN Resolution 1929 adopted in 2010, "Iran shall not undertake any activity related to ballistic missiles capable of delivering nuclear weapons, including launches using ballistic missile technology".

"In that, Iran stands in clear violation of the resolution without any doubt," Abdul Mutaal said, adding that the resolution also prohibits Iran from transferring any kind of weapons.

UN monitoring teams have submitted numerous reports asserting "Iran’s involvement in the export of weapons, to Syria in particular", he said.

According to a September 24, 2012 report by the US mission to the UN, "six sites had been discovered in various countries that contained Iranian weapons shipped from Iran to several destinations, including Syria", he said.

The list of people and entities targeted by the most recent sanctions will be added to the previous list, which is still in effect, he said.

The new names have been added to the list as they "acted to secure resources related to ballistic weapons, in addition to securing financial resources for the IRGC and groups classified internationally as terrorist organisations", he said.

This was carried out through various regional and international money laundering operations, he added.

The Iranian regime has been "exploiting regional issues and presenting itself as a protector or guardian" of and for the region's Shia, Lebanese cleric Sheikh Mohammed al-Hajj Hassan told Al-Mashareq.

It also has been "manipulating" Middle Eastern affairs, he added, using its proxies to further its own agenda in Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Bahrain and beyond.

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Iran and Afghanistan shares the same borders. They are of the the same race. They are neighbors and they have relations with one another. And ... Why don't you seek friendship? Why is it that the claims made by your news agency resonate the claims made by the WAS news agency which belongs to the terrorist Saudi Arabia? Isn't better to think about brotherhood, rather than war and conflict? Iran does not compete with Afghanistan. The United States is a rival to Iran. The U.S. wants to curtail [Iran] and shut down [Iran's] military centers. This issue is constantly being raised in Iranian news. Don't you try to create enemies for the Afghan people. God knows that I'm commenting on this issue out of friendship and compassion. It is such a pity that you portray the two nations of Iran and Afghanistan, which were once a united country, as enemies of each other.


As an Iranian, I do not agree with my country's politicians to a great extent. I do know that, however, if the regime of Iran doesn't show off his military power, a future similar to the one of Afghanistan will be waiting for it. You work under the supervision of the United States which, throughout the history, has repeatedly acted as a warmonger outside its borders. Hence, your efforts to depict an image of animosity between Iran and Afghanistan is futile. The reason for which Iran fights outside its borders is fear. For, if they do not fight, I will soon witness the American soldiers coming to my country so that they can defend my security! In your news policy, there are always couple of news articles against Iran which are completely biased. I am an Iranian who is interested in Afghanistan and its development, especially those related to women rights, and for that reason, I am interested in news covering Afghanistan. It appears to me, however, that I chose a wrong media outlet to follow the news about Afghanistan. This is the result of media being controlled by the members of military and the armed forces! Regardless of who controls the media, be it the Iranian Defense Ministry or the U.S Ministry of Defense, they will depict the world a much uglier place which is filled with animosity, so that they can have a reason to kill.