Mohaqiq fails to drum up support for Tehran in Pakistan

By Abdul Ghani Kakar


Mohammad Mohaqiq with Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei in Tehran in 2017. The two met again in November 2018 at the 32nd International Islamic Unity conference in Tehran. [File]

QUETTA -- Tehran's efforts to bolster support in Pakistan -- seen recently with the visit of Mohammad Mohaqiq to Quetta and other parts of the country -- are failing, defence and political analysts say.

Mohaqiq, leader of the People's Islamic Unity Party of Afghanistan, led a 10-member delegation on a five-day visit to Pakistan starting January 13, according to a Rawalpindi-based senior intelligence official.

The delegation "not only met with high-ranking government officials in various parts of the country, including Quetta, but also several prominent Shia political and religious leaders who have always worked here for Iranian interests", the official said on condition of anonymity.

"Iran, due to US economic sanctions, is facing crises in various sectors," he said, adding that "internal rifts are causing heavy damage to Iranian strategic interests in the region".


Mohammad Mohaqiq (lower right), chairman of the People's Islamic Unity Party of Afghanistan, conferred with Pakistani officials in Quetta on January 15. [File]


Mohammed Mohaqiq with Iran's foreign minister, Javad Zarif, on November 26, 2017 in Tehran. Over the years Mohaqiq has openly expressed support for Iran's recruitment of Afghan and Pakistani Shia into militias fighting for Tehran in Syria, Iraq and elsewhere. [File]

"After the killing of Iranian commander Maj. Gen. Qasem Soleimani, the Iranian government has been closely working to unite their proxy groups for their future strategic goals," he said. "Therefore, the Mohaqiq-led delegation was sent here for lobbying."

Soleimani, commander of the Quds Force of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), was killed in a US drone strike January 3 in Iraq.

The US government last April designated the IRGC as a terrorist organisation following decades of hostile acts worldwide by the group.

"Interference in Pakistan and Afghanistan is an integral part of Iranian foreign policy," the official said. "Iran wants to strengthen its roots in our politics in the guise of religious harmony and Islamic brotherhood."

"Our defence and national security policies are very candid, and the relevant authorities are working closely together to foil any external influence," he said. "In my judgment, the main reason for which the delegation was sent to Pakistan failed in all means."

Supporting a pro-Iran narrative

In November 2018, while serving as Afghanistan's deputy chief executive, Mohaqiq took part in the 32nd International Islamic Unity conference in Tehran, where he met Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and openly supported an anti-Afghan narrative, according to eyewitnesses.

He claimed that Afghans largely support the Iranian regime's war in Syria and Iraq, calling the conflict there "jihad", and he urged Islamic leaders to support Iran's military goals.

In a speech at the conference, Mohaqiq hailed both Soleimani and Iranian interference in Afghanistan.

He expressed support for Iran's recruitment of Afghan "warriors" to fight in Syria under the banner of the IRGC's Fatemiyoun Division. The IRGC also recruits Pakistani Shia to fight as mercenaries for Iranian military interests in Syria in the Zainabiyoun Brigade.

"I thank all the warriors who co-operated in these wars from Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, Pakistan and other parts of the world who attended the wars," Mohaqiq said, according to Voice of America.

President Ashraf Ghani subsequently fired Mohaqiq from his position as Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah's deputy in January 2019.

"The Mohaqiq-led party is one of the biggest facilitators of the Fatemiyoun Division of Afghan Shia fighters," said Akhter Zaman Raeesi, a businessman from Khost Province, Afghanistan, and one-time Afghan parliamentary candidate.

"Iran is trying to boost the role of its proxies in the region ... and in Afghanistan the role of Iran has always been under severe criticism," he said.

Tehran's lobbying unwelcome in Pakistan

Iranian influence in Pakistan's internal affairs is unwelcome, said Rashid Ahmed, assistant professor in the Department of Peace and Conflict Studies at National Defence University in Islamabad.

"The purpose of this visit has largely failed as Mohammad Mohaqiq didn't succeed in gaining support in Pakistan for Iran," he said.

"Pakistan has already declared via its Foreign Office that it will be neutral in every regional crisis," Ahmed said.

"The political scenario of this region is changing day by day, and the implication of regional conflicts causes heavy damage to all the neighbouring countries," he added."

"Because of changing political and security circumstances, all regional countries are re-evaluating their foreign policies," said Mir Khuda Bux Marri, vice chairman of Overseas Pakistani Baloch Unity. The organisation, which has chapters in Pakistan and abroad, seeks to combat Baloch separatism.

"The recent visit of the Mohaqiq-led delegation to Pakistan could be a part of these developments," he said.

"A stable and improved security situation has always been considered an important component of each country's strategic policy," he said. "Since Pakistan has a key role in the Afghan peace process... Iran via its sponsored groups is lobbying in Pakistan to strengthen Iranian interests in these negotiations."

"Despite all efforts, it appears that the recent Mohaqiq-led delegation failed in lobbying for Iran," he said

No group lobbying for external interests will succeed in Pakistan, Marri said, adding that the Iranian narrative is not easily accepted in Pakistan.

"Pakistan can never compromise its national security policy for any foreign interests," he said.

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Iran has no need. You trouble yourself unreasonably. Stupid reporter Hahahaah! He went to Pakistan for Iran. hahahahah


There are many points to look at or reflect on. More important thing is that the writer, instead of having academic argument, used his tribal and schematic hatreds. For instance, you should listen to the speech of the late Mujaddidi in the same conference where he had spoken with his more violent tone, and he had supported and given compliment of the groups which were engaged in fighting in Syria more than Muhaqiq. Second issue is that Pashtun militants are used more than the militants of Hazara in the proxy wars of Yemen, Syria and Iraq Last, the question here is, is fighting against ISIS a sin or legitimate?


It is very easy to understand the falseness of this news. You stupid think that all the power of Iran was Soleimani? And you think that Iran had acted so weakly that it cannot preserve or maintain its proxy forces after his death? In fact, dollars of dirty America or mean people of Saudi came to you for writing this news.


It is a reality that Iran uses Afghans as firewood in various ways. Unfortunately, Mr. Mahaqiq is a dangerous mean in this wicked act. Iran does not spare any efforts in destroying humanity which is originating from its sadayat. Iran like Israel is considered a fatal and lethal disease for the region.


I feel pity for the time you have spent conducting such a baseless and useless analysis.


It is a matter of shame for Muhaqiq to lobby for the interests of other country.


Muhaqiq has been a spy of Iran for decades and involved in spying for that country.


This writing is far from reality, and it is tendentious.


This writing is tendentious and unrealistic, and its author could not preserve his journalistic duty. 58038


In this article, exaggeration is used more than truth.


It is a wholehearted wish as one day a law is passed to immediately execute traitors such as Mohaqiq and other mercenaries.


The era of Abdul Rahman Khan will not return, and you will take your desire to the grave.