Security

Afghan negotiators arrive in Doha for historic peace talks

Salaam Times and AFP

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The venue for Afghan peace talks in Doha, Qatar, is shown in this undated photo. [Nader Nadery/Twitter]

KABUL -- Long-delayed peace talks between Afghan government and Taliban negotiators were expected to launch Saturday (September 12) in Qatar, officials said, marking a potentially momentous milestone in Afghanistan's 19-year-old war.

The Taliban, the Afghan government and Qatari officials all confirmed on Thursday (September 10) that the talks would begin September 12 following an opening ceremony in Doha.

The talks had originally been slated to start in March but were repeatedly pushed back amid disputes over a prisoner exchange that included the release of hundreds of Taliban fighters.

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo called the talks a "historic" opportunity to end decades of war and bloodshed, adding that it "must not be squandered".

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High Council for National Reconciliation Chairman Abdullah Abdullah speaks with reporters at Karzai International Airport in Kabul before departing for Doha, Qatar, on September 8. [Abdullah Abdullah/Twitter]

"The start of these talks marks a historic opportunity for Afghanistan to bring an end to four decades of war and bloodshed," Pompeo said in a statement September 10 as he headed to Doha.

"I'm mindful of how difficult these conversations will be among the Afghans, but it's theirs for the taking," he told reporters onboard his flight.

The talks "are a serious and important step towards establishing sustainable peace in Afghanistan", said the Qatari Foreign Ministry.

"Having dealt with some confidence building measures, we are looking forward to bilateral exchanges during the visit & engaging in substantive talks with the Taliban aimed at ending years of war & agony endured by our people," Abdullah Abdullah, chairman of the High Council for National Reconciliation, said on Twitter before departing Kabul for Doha.

"On the basis of religious tenants [tenets], human values & our shared interests, we all seek a just, durable & dignified peace," he said.

US Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation Zalmay Khalilzad also welcomed the start of intra-Afghan peace talks, urging parties to the conflict to end the "mindless war".

"I welcome the announcements by Qatar, the Afghan Palace, and the Taliban to start Afghanistan Peace Negotiations on Sep 12. This is a historic opportunity to end a forty-year war that has no military solution and kills too many Afghans," he tweeted September 10.

"The road to get here has been long and will remain difficult. No important achievement is ever easy. It is now the responsibility of Afghan leaders to capitalise on this moment and end this brutal and mindless war," he said.

"There is no political settlement without compromise," Khalilzad said. "Recent Afghan history shows that seeking a monopoly of power and enforcing one’s ideology by force leads to conflict and makes the country vulnerable to interference by others."

Hopeful for peace

The announcement of the start of peace talks was delivered just hours after a final hurdle -- the fate of six Taliban prisoners linked to the killings of French and Australian civilians and troops -- appeared to have been resolved.

The Taliban confirmed the six prisoners had arrived in Doha. They had been flown out of Kabul on a special plane, a Taliban source in Pakistan told AFP.

Peace talks were delayed for six months as the Taliban and Kabul squabbled over the details of a prisoner exchange. The Taliban released 1,000 Afghan troops, while Kabul freed 5,000 insurgents.

"We are going to Doha to tell the Taliban that you cannot succeed by force," Abdul Hafiz Mansour, a member of Kabul's delegation, told reporters at Kabul's airport.

"The time is ready for reconciliation now; we can resolve our problems by talking to each other."

Negotiations have raised hope among Afghans across the country that the grinding conflict might come to a halt.

"We are desperate for peace. The killing of Afghans should be stopped," said Kabul shopkeeper Abdullah, who lost a relative in a bombing that targeted Vice President Amrullah Saleh this week. Saleh survived with slight injuries.

"I'm not very optimistic about the future, but peace talks are a good first step to at least reduce the violence."

Gains made in the past two decades should not be lost, insisted schoolteacher Aminullah, who lives in Kunduz Province.

"As much as we want peace, we also want the achievements of the past years kept," he said.

"I don't want my school closed, but peace is the priority now."

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Our only desire is to achieve a lasting peace among Afghans.

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May Almighty God bring a lasting peace in our beloved country, Afghanistan. People have been very much tired of war. Peace is important for Afghanistan, not the emirate system or the democratic system. If either of the teams emphasizes on their personal interests, the international community should blame them. There should be no red line on either side. A system must be formed in which the dignity or honor of all masses of the society and the rights of minorities are guaranteed.

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Taliban’s negotiating team is more literate and stronger than the Afghan government’s negotiating team. Taliban have come to Qatar with full preparation, but in the Afghan government's negotiating team, there are illiterate children of the party leaders who neither know politics nor can speak correctly.

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It is better to say that peace must come, because the budget of all areas of Afghanistan is spent on a few limited areas and other people are wandering and are deprived of their rights because of some corrupt people. First, peace must come and the hands of foreigners, including Iranian and Pakistani mercenaries, who play with our intellectual and economic values, should be cut off. Second, job opportunities should be provided for the young people so that the crime rate is reduced and all Afghans lead an honorable life.

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Peace negotiations will pave way for a permanent peace. America should bring pressure on both sides to reach to an agreement as soon as possible.

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Though America also had a big role similar to that of Russia, Pakistan and Iran in destroying Afghanistan and killing of Afghans and killed many Afghans, but we have to remember that in addition to providing this opportunity of peace talks, America provided a large amount of aids to Afghans and they are still doing so. America is supposed to play an active role in reconstruction of Afghanistan after peace is made.

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