Afghan government, allies pressure Taliban for truce as peace talks start

Salaam Times and AFP


High Council for National Reconciliation Chairman Abdullah Abdullah (centre) speaks with members of delegations at the end of the opening session of peace talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban in Doha, Qatar, September 12. [KARIM JAAFAR/AFP]

DOHA -- The Afghan government ratcheted up pressure for a truce with the Taliban on Monday (September 14), reiterating calls for a long-term ceasefire at peace talks in Doha, Qatar.

The two sides are in the early stages of meetings in an effort to hammer out a deal that would bring to a close 19 years of bloodshed in Afghanistan.

An opening ceremony on Saturday (September 12) saw the Afghan government and allies, including the United States -- which negotiated an initial peace agreement with the Taliban in late February -- call for a ceasefire.

But the Taliban did not mention a truce as they came to the negotiating table.


Taliban co-founder Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar (right) speaks during the opening session of the peace talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban in Doha, Qatar, on September 12. [KARIM JAAFAR/AFP]


US Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation Zalmay Khalilzad (left) and US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo attend the opening session of peace talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban in Doha on September 12. [KARIM JAAFAR/AFP]

The presence of government negotiators at the talks "is aimed at achieving a ceasefire, ending the violence and ensuring lasting peace and stability in the country", Afghan presidential spokesman Sediq Sediqqi tweeted September 14.

The Taliban could offer a ceasefire in exchange for the release of more of their jailed members, High Council for National Reconciliation Chairman Abdullah Abdullah earlier suggested.

"This could be one of their ideas or one of their demands," said Abdullah, who left Doha for Kabul on Sunday (September 13) night as scheduled.

The talks should continue in the "spirit of moving towards peace", he said.

"There should first be a significant reduction in violence, then humanitarian ceasefires, and then a nationwide and permanent ceasefire," he said.

'Many challenges' ahead

Participants discussed schedules and a code of conduct for the talks in meetings September 13, according to both sides, while talks on substantive issues are yet to start.

Negotiations, which take place even as fighting continues in Afghanistan, will be arduous and messy, warned delegates.

Six police were killed in a Taliban attack in Kunduz at the weekend, officials said, while five officers were slain in Kapisa Province.

A roadside bomb in the capital wounded two civilians, while another blast hit Kabul District, although no casualties were reported.

The Taliban has not commented on whether the group is responsible for the attacks.

"We will undoubtedly encounter many challenges in the talks over the coming days, weeks and months," US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said during a visit to Doha September 13.

He urged the warring sides to "seize this opportunity" to secure peace.

Abdullah called the recent upsurge in violence a "miscalculation".

But the process "could be the start of history made in the coming future -- and hopefully sooner rather than later", he has stressed.

During a speech at the opening event, Taliban co-founder Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar repeated the insurgents' message that Afghanistan should be run according to Islamic law, highlighting a likely sticking point.

Preserving rights, achievements of past 19 years

A comprehensive peace deal could take years and will depend on the willingness of both sides to tailor their competing visions for Afghanistan and the extent to which they can agree to share power.

President Ashraf Ghani's government wants to maintain the status quo of a constitutional republic that has enshrined many rights, including greater freedoms for women.

Of the 21 people on the Kabul negotiating team, four are women.

The Taliban, who stripped women of all basic freedoms while in power from 1996-2001, had no female negotiators.

In a statement, Ghani called for "a lasting and dignified peace" that preserved "the achievements of the past 19 years".

The start of talks was "very positive", said government negotiator Habiba Sarabi.

Meanwhile, Ghani conferred with Gen. Kenneth F. McKenzie, who heads US Central Command, on September 12 at the Presidential Palace in Kabul.

McKenzie reiterated the United States' support for the Afghan government, the Afghan people and the country's defence and security forces, according to a statement released by Ghani's office.

"All decisions will be made in consultation with the government of Afghanistan," the statement cited McKenzie as saying.

The US-backed negotiations come six months later than planned owing to disagreements over a controversial prisoner swap agreed to on February 29. Under the terms of that deal, 5,000 Taliban prisoners have already been released in exchange for 1,000 captured government security personnel.

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Ceasefire should be declared; government system should be formed in Islamic way, and government affairs should be administered by Religious Scholars’ High Council. Miscreants, who looted the budget of Bamyan, Daykundi and Ghazni provinces and grabbed the lands of the people of Chahardih (Dasht-e- Barchi) of Kabul province in recent years by force, built tall buildings, did not have allegiance to the government, extorted tributes or taxes by the name of ethnicity and sect should give account to the government. And the government should take the public properties back from them and return them to the government and punish them so that they do not become mercenaries of Iranians and other infidels or Christians in Afghanistan.


If God is willing, there will be a lasting peace in our beloved country, because foreign forces are leaving Afghanistan, and there is no pretext left for the war in Afghanistan.


After the beginning of direct intra-Afghan talks in Doha, Qatar, the oppressed people of Afghanistan have become hopeful about life. They hope that they will lead a peaceful life and enjoy from life like the people of other countries after peace is made with Taliban and a strong government is formed.


All countries of the world must force Taliban to accept a ceasefire, because talking and sitting under one roof is meaningless if the war between the two sides continues. When they cannot agree on a ceasefire, then how can they agree on a joint government? Ceasefire is very important. During the past few days of talks between the Afghan government and Taliban, many brave Afghan soldiers have been martyred as a result of Taliban attacks. So this is meaningless, as Afghan soldiers are killed by Taliban and the Afghan government is sitting at a table with Taliban and eating food and drinking tea together. A ceasefire is a must. After a ceasefire is announced by both the government and Taliban, then they should talk about the framework of the future government, changing the constitution and so on. This is the demand of all the people of Afghanistan. Even Taliban fighters who are currently fighting on the battlefield against the Afghan security forces want a ceasefire, and they have been tired of fighting. The war has been imposed on ordinary Taliban fighters. They are also looking forward to coming of peace. Therefore, Taliban’s negotiating team should understand this fact and agree on a nationwide ceasefire as soon as possible.