Iran's new Quds Force commander under investigation by Afghan government

By Sulaiman


This photograph taken January 9 shows Esmail Qaani, the newly appointed commander of the Quds Force (right), next to Iranian leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei during a ceremony honouring the late Qasim Soleimani in Tehran. [Tasnim News]

KABUL -- The successor to the late Qasem Soleimani, the commander of the Quds Force of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) who was killed by a US drone strike, is under investigation by the Afghan government for falsely presenting himself as the deputy ambassador of Iran in a 2018 visit to Bamiyan Province.

The Afghan Foreign Ministry Tuesday (January 7) said that it will investigate the travel of Esmail Qaani when he visited a hospital being built in Bamiyan Province with funds from the Iranian regime.

Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei appointed Qaani to the Quds Force post after the missile attack that killed Soleimani in Baghdad on January 3.

He purportedly oversaw Quds Force operations in Afghanistan and Pakistan when Soleimani was leader of the overall group, according to media reports.


Iranians January 4 in Tehran raise portraits of new Quds Force commander Esmail Qaani during a rally to protest the killing of his predecessor Qasim Soleimani. [Atta Kenare/AFP]


Esmail Qaani (centre), then a senior member of the Quds Force under  Qasem Soleimani's command, is seen in this photograph taken July 11, 2018, in Bamiyan Province. Qaani falsely presented himself as deputy ambassador to Afghanistan when he met the Bamiyan provincial governor and other local officials. [Bamiyan provincial governor's media office/Facebook]

Soleimani was targeted as he had been "actively developing plans to attack American diplomats and service members in Iraq and throughout the region" when he was killed, the US Defence Department said after the strike, adding it took "decisive defensive action to protect US personnel abroad by killing Qasem Soleimani".

'Never a deputy ambassador of Iran'

An Iranian delegation came from Kabul in June 2018 to visit the hospital and that Qaani introduced himself as the deputy ambassador of Iran in Kabul, said Mohammad Tahir Zahir, the governor of Bamiyan Province, January 7.

"Iran is funding a 120-bed hospital in Bamiyan Province, and at the time the delegation visited Bamiyan, the work on the hospital had slowed down," Zahir said. "I had been told by Kabul that an Iranian delegation was coming to observe [the progress of] work on the hospital."

"The Iranian delegation landed at Bamiyan airport in an eight-passenger aircraft, and it directly went to see the hospital under construction," he said. "Among the local government officials in Bamiyan, only the director of public health accompanied them."

"After visiting the hospital for 45 minutes, they came to the governor's office," Zahir continued. "He introduced himself to me saying they were an Iranian delegation coming for a visit and that he was the deputy ambassador of Iran, last name Ismaili. He said they had come to Bamiyan to closely observe the progress of work on the hospital."

"Ismaili and his team met with me for 10 minutes, and he said he was there to reassure me and the people of Bamiyan that they wouldn't leave the hospital work half done and that they would complete it," Zahir said. "He said if any problem arises during construction, they would ask for our help."

"We don't have legal authority to organise foreign relations, and visits of foreign officials are arranged at the capital level," he added.

Qaani's actions during his 2018 visit are under investigation, said acting Foreign Minister Idress Zaman at a news conference Thursday (January 9).

"Esmail Qaani was never a deputy ambassador of Iran in Kabul, and we are investigating this issue to find out when and how this visit took place and for what purpose," Zaman said.

Recruiting for Fatemiyoun Division?

Some analysts consider Qaani the commander of Iran's proxy war in Afghanistan and one of the architects of the Fatemiyoun Division -- a militant group made up of Afghan nationals originally recruited by the IRGC to fight in Syria for President Bashar al-Assad's regime.

His visit to Bamiyan under the guise of the deputy ambassador was a ploy to help Iran achieve its intelligence and political goals in the country, said Akbar Jan Polad, a political affairs analyst in Kabul.

"For anyone who travels to a country with fraudulent documents, it is apparent that they have evil and destructive intentions, and introducing a military commander as a deputy ambassador or a diplomat shows Iran's destructive goals," he said.

"The inauguration of a hospital is something public health officials or legal Iranian diplomats should take care of," Polad added. "It doesn't belong to a military commander who leads the country's proxy war in Afghanistan."

"Qaani was the architect and leader of the Fatemiyoun Division at the time," he said. "His visit to Bamiyan might have been arranged for recruiting Fatemiyoun fighters and building relationships with them."

"Qaani is among those Iranian military commanders who played a role in the collapse of Ghazni and Farah cities," he said, referring to Taliban takeovers of parts of those cities in 2018.

Iranian interference also has driven up the "intensity" of the war, he said.

"Iran has been interfering with the internal matters of Afghanistan for years," Polad said. "Another reason why the Iranian military commander visited

Iran has clandestine political and security interests in Afghanistan, and Qaani "travelled to the country with fraudulent identification in a bid achieve these goals", said Arif Kayani, a political and military affairs analyst in Kabul.

"Qaani is one of the influential figures in proxy and irregular wars, and when he visited Bamiyan, he was the head of Quds Force's Ansar branch who pursued and implemented Iran's goals in Afghanistan," Kayani added.

"Visits of senior military officials take place for the military interests and goals of [their respective] countries, and I believe Qaani hid his identity when he traveled to Bamiyan to achieve their military goals," he said. "Qaani's visit was based on a planned programme, and I think recruiting Fatemiyoun fighters one of his goals."

"Afghanistan's Foreign Ministry, the NDS [National Directorate of Security] and the government must investigate the issue and provide a convincing response to the people," he said.

Against diplomatic norms

The purported attempt by Iran to falsely pass off a military commander as the deputy ambassador is illegal and must be investigated, said Dawood Rawesh, a Kabul University lecturer and political affairs analyst.

"The visit of this prominent combat commander ... disguised as a deputy ambassador has violated international laws, diplomatic traditions and the interests of Afghanistan," he said. "The Iranian embassy in Kabul needs to provide a response to the government and people of Afghanistan regarding this illegal act it carried out."

The Iranian move is just further proof of the regime's goal of exerting its malign influence in Afghanistan, said Muhammad Arif Rahimi, a resident and bookseller in Kabul.

"Iranians always try to exert their influence on Afghanistan and its people under the banner of building hospitals, [establishing] cultural centres and the like," the 38-year-old said.

"They have used our shared culture, language and religion as a means to achieve their evil goals," he said.

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I think someone should ask the governor of Bamyan Tahir Zahir, that he was educated in Iran and he lived in Iran and he was involved with the Nasar Organization of Afghanistan and Sardar Mosawee the head for the Afghanistan Quds operations commander and he didn;t know Esmail Qaani. Mr. Tahir Zahir met with Solaimani and Qaani many times in Bamyan before, and forget the invites to Iran.


The enemy in any way wants to work for the interests of their country with different pretexts in order to have a good achievement for their nation. So, when a senior military person from a foreign country traveled to Bamiyan province as a deputy of an ambassador, and the governor also received him without any investigation, then where is the problem? And who is responsible? It is clear that the responsibility goes to the government which has not identified whether or not the man was deputy Ambassador. The government is very weak.


I could not understand the pro-aliens' politics of Afghanistan at all.


Tahir Zaheer himself is a dealer and bigoted person against all the ethnicities of Afghanistan, particularly, Hazaras. He wants to reach to power on behalf of Hazaras. He is ready to arrive at any deal, whether in the name of religion or nation, inside or outside the country in order to ensure his own or sectarian interests. So why should one complain from the foreigners? If I were NDS, I would have quickly arrested Zaheer for not observing the policy of the government of Afghanistan and disclosed and revealed all the hidden groups behind him and taken action against their ominous aims.


It is a matter of shame for the Afghan and American intelligence agencies that such a big criminal and killer of thousands of Afghans came to Afghanistan and they did not know about him.